Robots as tools and partners in rehabilitation

Why trust should play a crucial part in the development of intelligent machines for medical therapies.

A robot congratulates a patient for correctly sorting the colored beakers. Shelly Levy-Tzedek

University of Freiburg 17 August 2018

In future decades, the need for effective strategies for medical rehabilitation will increase significantly, because patients’ rate of survival after diseases with severe functional deficits, such as a stroke, will increase. Socially assistive robots (SARs) are already being used in rehabilitation for this reason.

In the journal Science Robotics, a research team led by neuroscientist Dr. Philipp Kellmeyer of the Freiburg University Medical Center and Prof. Dr. Oliver Müller from the Department of Philosophy of the University of Freiburg, analyzes the improvements necessary to make SARs valuable and trustworthy assistants for medical therapies.

The researchers conclude that the development of SARs not only requires technical improvements, but primarily social, trust-building measures. Rehabilitation patients in particular are dependent on a reliable relationship with their therapists. So there must be trust in the safety of the robotic system, especially regarding the predictability of the machines’ behavior. Given the ever-growing intelligence of the robots and with it their independence, this is highly important.

In addition, robots and patients can only interact well, the scientists explain, when they have shared goals that they pursue through the therapy. To achieve this, aspects of philosophical and developmental psychology must also be taken into account in the development of SARs: the ability of robots to recognize the aims and motives of a patient is a critical requirement if cooperation is to be successful. So there must also be trust for the participants to adapt to one another. The frustration felt by patients, for instance as a result of physical or linguistic limitations, would be avoided if the robots were adapted to the specific needs and vulnerabilities of the patient in question.

Philipp Kellmeyer and Oliver Müller are members of the Cluster of Excellence BrainLinks-BrainTools of the University of Freiburg. The study also involved Prof. Dr. Shelly Levy-Tzedek and Ronit Feingold-Polak from the Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. In the 2018/19 academic year, the Freiburg researchers together with the legal academic Prof. Dr. Silja Vöneky and the IT specialist Prof. Dr. Wolfram Burgard, both from the University of Freiburg, are developing a Research Focus into normative aspects of interaction between people and autonomous intelligent systems at the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS).

Social robots in rehabilitation: A question of trust, Philipp Kellmeyer, Oliver Mueller, Ronit Feingold-Polak, and Shelly Levy-Tzedek. Science Robotics 15 Aug 2018: Vol. 3, Issue 21, eaat1587 DOI: 10.1126/scirobotics.aat1587

Differences between young and older users when interacting with a humanoid robot: A qualitative usability study for rehabilitation, R Feingold Polak, A Elishay, M Stein, Y Shahar, Y Edan, S Levy-Tzedek. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Volume 61, Supplement, 2018, Page e499, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rehab.2018.05.1163.

Source University of Freiburg
via EurekAlert! American Association for the Advancement of Science AAAS

Ronit Feingold-Polak PhD – Robotics-humanoid robot-based physical therapy for neurological rehabilitation. Future Tech Podcast. Published on Youtube Jun 22, 2018

Also see
Social robots in rehabilitation in University of Freiburg
Emerging ethical, legal, philosophical and social aspects of the interaction between humans and autonomous intelligent systems in University of Freiburg

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